Many people are outraged that monuments and statues that honor the memory of so many men (and some women) who stood up to a tyrannical federal government are allowed to remind us of a history that we are not all fond of. The martial law decree by then President Abraham Lincoln was nothing less than war on the States and their People.
I imagine that being born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania makes my views on the Civil War seem out of step with the popular rhetoric and current beliefs. But having learned the same history that many of my contemporaries did, how Lincoln freed the slaves and was assassinate for doing so, and becoming aware of so much more history of the period has provided me with the opportunity to see the truth.
Lincoln did not free anyone, never intended on freeing anyone, and by his own words, was not in favor of granting ‘Negroes’ equal status as Whites. His own words, expressed in the debates with Douglas attest to the fact that Abraham Lincoln was racist until the day he died. But it wasn’t even his racism that was the primary motive for killing him.
In his own words: “I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races, [applause]—that I am not nor ever have been in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people; and I will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality. And inasmuch as they cannot so live, while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I as much as any other man am in favor of having the superior position assigned to the white race. I say upon this occasion I do not perceive that because the white man is to have the superior position the negro should be denied every thing. I do not understand that because I do not want a negro woman for a slave I must necessarily want her for a wife. [Cheers and laughter.] My understanding is that I can just let her alone. I am now in my fiftieth year, and I certainly never have had a black woman for either a slave or a wife. ”
The actions taken against the Confederate States of America was a police action, to force States to give up their independence and become subjects of the federal government that was the very creation of the States. When they refused and walked out of Congress, it was because Lincoln wanted them to place their lands in collateral against the national debt. Naval blockades and high duties or tariffs were placed against them much as sanctions are placed against nations today who refuse to submit to foreign demands and influences.