The Second Article of Amendment was not meant for self defense alone nor primarily the reason of its place in the list of explicit rights reserved to the People and to the People alone. This meant that neither State nor federal government could legislate any abrogation of those rights whatsoever. The People failed to remain ever vigilant in protecting those rights to which are their first line of defense of freedom.
“Shall not” are two very powerful words when used lawfully and in biblical context. But the best source for the arguments regarding the right to keep and bear arms, come from those who were in Philadelphia making the points of why that was was fundamental to the sovereignty of the People and the Independent (nation) States in which they reside. The People were not mere “citizens” of the State, they were the States.
In the link below you will find an article that just may change your views on gun rights and militias. Many thanks to KrisAnne Hall
A short excerpt:
““[W]hereas, to preserve liberty, it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms, and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them; nor does it follow from this, that all promiscuously must go into actual service on every occasion. The mind that aims at a select militia must be influenced by a truly anti-republican principle; and when we see many men disposed to practice upon it, whenever they can prevail, no wonder true republicans are for carefully guarding against it.” (Letter from the Federal Farmer #18, January 25, 1788)”